Javad Golmirzaei, Shole Namazi, Shahrokh Amiri, Shahram Zare, Najme Rastikerdar, Ali Akbar Hesam, Zahra Rahami, Fatemeh Ghasemian, Seyyed Shojaeddin Namazi, Abbas Paknahad, Forugh Mahmudi, Hamidreza Mahboobi, Tahereh Khorgoei, Bahareh Niknejad, Fatemeh Dehghani, and Shima Asadi
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders among children. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors for ADHD in children.
Method: In this case-control study, 404 children between 4 and 11 years old were selected by cluster sampling method from preschool children (208 patients as cases and 196 controls). All the participants were interviewed by a child and adolescent psychiatrist to survey risk factors of ADHD.
Results: Among cases, 59.3% of children were boys and 38.4% were girls, which is different to that in control group with 40.7% boys and 61.6% girls. The chi-square showed statistically significance (