FBPixel Tumor-resident intracellular microbiota promotes metastatic colonization in breast cancer - David Perlmutter M.D.

Science

Study Title
Tumor-resident intracellular microbiota promotes metastatic colonization in breast cancer
Publication
Cell
Author(s)

Aikun Fu, Bingqing Yao, Tingting Dong,
Yajing Guo, Nan Li, Shang Ca

Abstract

Tumor-resident intracellular microbiota is an emerging tumor component that has been documented for a variety of cancer types with unclear biological functions. Here, we explored the functional significance of these intratumor bacteria, primarily using a murine spontaneous breast-tumor model MMTV-PyMT. We found that depletion of intratumor bacteria significantly reduced lung metastasis without affecting primary tumor growth. During metastatic colonization, intratumor bacteria carried by circulating tumor cells promoted host-cell survival by enhancing resistance to fluid shear stress by reorganizing actin cytoskeleton. We further showed that intratumor administration of selected bacteria strains isolated from tumor-resident microbiota promoted metastasis in two murine tumor models with significantly different levels of metastasis potential. Our findings suggest that tumor-resident microbiota, albeit at low biomass, play an important role in promoting cancer metastasis, intervention of which might therefore be worth exploring for advancing oncology care.

Date
April 14, 2022
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Breast Cancer

Dr. David Perlmutter is on the cutting edge of innovative medicine that looks at all lifestyle influences on health and illness.

Andrew Weil, MD